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Scripto strike records

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The Scripto Strike:

A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University Library

Georgia State University
Georgia State University
Special Collections and Archives
100 Decatur St., SE
Atlanta, GA 30303-3202
404-413-2880
Fax: 404-413-2881
archives@gsu.edu

August 2003



Profile Description

Creation: Created by Angela Lefebvre, August 2003.
Language: English

Collection Summary

Repository: Georgia State University, University Library, Special Collections Department
Title: Scripto strike records
Dates: 1963-1968; 1996-1999
Quantity: .5 linear ft. in 1 box
Abstract:The collection documents the strike (1964-1965) at Atlanta's Scripto Corporation manufacturing plant. The records of the Scripto strike, 1963-1968; 1996; 1999 consist of contemporary legal and union documents, newspaper articles, and photographs. Transcripts of interviews conducted in 1996 and a published article round out the collection.
Identification: L2003-01
LanguageEnglish.

Arrangement

The collection is arranged in chronological order.

Scope and Content of the Records

The records, 1963-1968; 1996; 1999 consist of legal and union documents from the 1960s relating to the strike, as well as newspaper articles and photographs. Transcripts of interviews with strike participants and supporters make up the 1996 part of the collection. An article written for Atlanta History is from 1999. Also included is a videotape on the strike and a microcassette copy of a Hosea Williams interview from 1996.


Historical Note

In the early 1960s, Scripto was one of the United States' leading pen and pencil manufacturers, and one of Atlanta's largest employers. In 1963, the International Chemical Workers Union began the process of organizing Scripto's workers, and on June 9, 1964 the National Labor Relations Board granted the Chemical Workers Union a Certification of Representation. On the day before Thanksgiving, 1964, Scripto employees walked off the job, demanding more equitable pay for skilled and non-skilled workers. (As it stood, non-skilled workers were receiving $400 a year below the federal poverty level).

Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. sympathized and supported the strikers, many of whom were black, and members of King's church. The Reverend C.T. Vivian believed an alliance between civil rights groups and the union would help the strikers reach their demands. With the help of King and Vivian, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the Chemical Workers Union combined efforts to increase pressure on Scripto. They planned a national boycott, in which over half a million leaflets were distributed to unions asking them to boycott all Scripto products. As the strike progressed, it increasingly took the form of a civil rights initiative. The strike hightened the negative feelings some Atlanta leaders had toward Martin Luther King, Jr.. By Christmas 1964, Scripto and the Union reached their first agreement: The union would drop the boycott, if Scripto gave the striking workers their annual Christmas bonuses. On January 9, 1965, the Scripto strike came to an end. The workers received a 4 cent across-the-board increase each year for the following three years, and Scripto was forced to re-hire 155 strikers and retain the replacement workers they had hired to maintain production during the strike. After the strike, racial tensions eased at the Scripto plant.

Due to international competition, the Atlanta Scripto plant closed in 1994.

"The Scripto Strike. Martin Luther King's "Valley of Problems": Atlanta, 1964-1965." Atlanta History, Fall 1999.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Georgia State University Library online catalog (GIL). Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968.
Vivian, C. T.
Williams, Hosea, 1926-
International Chemical Workers Union.
Scripto.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Labor unions--Georgia.
Strikes and lockouts--Georgia--Atlanta.
Strikes and lockouts--Office equipment and supplies industry.
Oral histories.

Restrictions

Restrictions on access

Unrestricted access.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.


Administrative Information

Citation

[item], [folder title], Scripto Strike Records, L2003-01, Southern Labor Archives. Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Hartwell and Susan Hooper.

Processing Information

Processed by Angela Lefebvre, August 2003. Finding aid edited by William Hardesty, February 2006.


Separated Material

Charles Mathias papers, L1973-51.

Lane Brothers photograph collection, Corporate bodies.


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