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United Paperworkers International Union, Local 446 (St. Marys, Ga.) records

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United Paperworkers International Union, Local 446 (St. Marys, Ga.) records

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United Paperworkers International Union, Local 446 (St. Marys, Georgia):

A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University Library

Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library
100 Decatur St., S.E.
Atlanta, Georgia, 30303
404-413-2880
archives@gsu.edu

July 2003



Profile Description

Creation: This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-07-03T13:07-0400
Language: English

Collection Summary

Repository: Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library
Creator: United Paperworkers International Union. Local 446 (St. Marys, Ga.)
Title: United Paperworkers International Union, Local 446 (St. Marys, Ga.) records
Dates: 1941-1998
Quantity: 13.0 linear ft.
Abstract:The records of the United Paperworkers International Union (UPIU) Local 446 consist of materials that reflect the establishment and day-to-day running of the union (administrative and financial records), as well as illustrating its relationships with the Gilman Paper Company and with other unions (administrative, personnel and company relations records).
Identification: L2002-06

Organization Note

Organized into 5 series: (I) Administrative records; (II) Personnel records; (III) Company relations, (IV) Financial records, and (V) Printed materials.This collection had no initial arrangement but was organized by the GSU processing staff. Very few files were originally titled, so file names were also provided by processing staff. Oversized items have been removed from the main body of the collection and are housed separately in an oversize box physically located at the end of the collection.By and large, the records have been arranged chronologically. Subject files, found in Series I, however, have been arranged alphabetically. The negotiation files in series III have an idiosyncratic arrangement: due to the volume of negotiations and because there are records for numerous locals, they have been arranged first by Local Lodge number and then chronologically. Some of the records involved either multiple lodges or do not refer to any lodge: these records have been arranged to reflect that fact.A number of subseries contain both bound and loose materials related to the same subject. In these instances, the bound volumes have been listed before the loose files. An exception are the loose papers that were found inside bound volumes -- these have been placed in folders and filed immediately after the volume from which they were removed.Series IV, subseries D, box 5/10 (dues paid, 1985) included Social Security numbers. These have been blocked out to make the materials available for research purposes.

Scope and Content of the Records

The records of the United Paperworkers International Union (UPIU) Local 446 consist of materials that reflect the establishment and day-to-day running of the union (administrative and financial records), as well as illustrating its relationships with the Gilman Paper Company and with other unions (administrative, personnel and company relations records). Some of the records also represent a time, after the enactment in 1964 of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, when desegregation was an important issue in the United States. Relating to this matter, and of particular interest, are the records of a racial discrimination suit filed in 1975 against the Gilman Paper Company and its unions.


Historical Note

The Gilman Paper Company was originally established in 1884 in New England. In 1939, in order to develop southern pine fiber for papermaking, the company acquired land, timberlands and a short-line railroad in St. Marys, Georgia, and by 1941 it began the operation of a paper mill -- its St. Marys Kraft Division. Its operations were expanded in 1950 to include the St. Marys Kraft Bag Division which converted paper into bags.

A number of locals represented the workers at the company: Local 446 of the International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers and Local 453 of the United Paperworkers and Papermakers Union both represented non-supervisory production employees in the Mill. Local 958 of the International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers represented non-supervisory production employees in the Bag Plant. Local 616 of the International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers represented production and "clean-up" jobs at both the Mill and the Bag Plant. Locals 446, 453 and 958 traditionally had white members, and Local 616 was comprised of mostly black and a few white employees.

In 1970, after a number of unsuccessful attempts, Local 616 merged into Locals 446 and 958, and in 1972, both Locals 446 and 958 of the International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers and Local 453 the United Paperworkers and Papermakers Union merged to become the United Paperworkers International Union (UPIU), at which time Local 453 was redesignated Local 1453.

Between 1975 and 1981 a group of black employees sued the Gilman Paper Company and its unions on the grounds of racial discrimination. In Elmo V. Meyers et al., v. Gilman Paper Corp., three hundred and twenty incumbent employees and thirty-four retired/disabled employees claimed that "job seniority" provisions were unfair. Until the passing of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, blacks had not been hired to semi-skilled or skilled positions, so they belonged to a lower "line of progression." Further, until 1972, an individual transferring from one line of progression into another would lose the benefits of seniority accrued in the line of progression he had left. As a result, it was possible that a black employee who was hired before 1965 into a traditionally all-black line of progression, and who transferred into a traditionally white line of progression, could have less seniority than a white employee who was hired on the same day but was initially assigned to an all-white line of progression. The final ruling in the case, after a number of appeals, fell largely in favor of the plaintiffs.

The Gilman Paper Company was purchased by the Corporación Durango in December 1990.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Georgia State University Library online catalog (GIL). Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Gilman Paper Company.
International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite and Paper Mill Workers. Local 446 (St. Marys, Ga.)
United Paperworkers and Papermakers Union. Local 453 (St. Marys, Ga.)
United Paperworkers International Union
Collective labor agreements--Paper industry--Georgia--St. Marys.
Discrimination in employment--Georgia--St. Marys.
Industrial relations--Georgia--St. Marys.
Kraft paper industry--Georgia--St. Marys.
Labor disputes--Georgia--St. Marys.
Labor union locals--Georgia--St. Marys.
Paper industry--Labor unions--Georgia--St. Marys.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Access to one file in box 14 (Series III, subseries B, sub-subseries 1) is restricted. See archivist.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.


Administrative Information

Citation

[item], [folder title], [series title], United Paperworkers International Union, Local 446 (St. Marys, Ga.) records, L2002-06, Southern Labor Archives. Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Mike Dees, President, United Paperworkers International Union, St. Marys Local 446, May 30, 2002.

Processing Information

Processed by Morna Gerrard, July 2003. Finding aid edited by William Hardesty, February 2006. Finding aid edited by Hal Hansen, November 2012.


Related Material

Related materials in this repository: United Paperworkers International Union records, 1906-1984 (L1985-05)

Information concerning the various court cases can be found at: http://lexis-nexis.com


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