Southern Conference Educational Fund records

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Southern Conference Educational Fund records

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Southern Conference Educational Fund:

A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University Library

Georgia State University
Georgia State University
Special Collections and Archives
100 Decatur St., SE
Atlanta, GA 30303-3202
404-413-2880
Fax: 404-413-2881
archives@gsu.edu

May 2001



Profile Description

Creation: Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, May 2001.
Language: English

Collection Summary

Repository: Georgia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives, Atlanta
Creator: Southern Conference Educational Fund.
Title: Southern Conference Educational Fund records
Dates: 1958-1985
Quantity: 3 linear feet
Abstract:Established in 1946 as the educational arm of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare, the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) became a separate organization in 1947. Originally based in New Orleans, Louisiana, its office later moved to Louisville, Kentucky, then to Atlanta, Georgia. SCEF was a leading proponent of integration and civil rights in the South, but internal disputes and financial problems led to its demise in the 1980s. The records of the Southern Conference Educational Fund span 1958-1985 (bulk 1970-1981). They include correspondence, notes and minutes from SCEF Board and Interim Committee meetings, financial and fundraising information, reports from SCEF chapters, information on various SCEF programs and activities, court documents, and correspondence and indexes related the SCEF newspaper.
Identification: L1991-13
LanguageEnglish.

Scope and Content of the Records

The records of the Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) span the period from 1958 to 1985. The documents in the collection are concentrated from 1970 to 1981. They include correspondence, notes and minutes from SCEF Board and Interim Committee meetings, financial and fundraising information, reports from SCEF chapters, information on various SCEF programs and activities, court documents, correspondence from the editor of the Southern Struggle, and detailed indexes from both the Southern Patriot and the Southern Struggle. The collection is arranged in three series: Meeting Minutes, Reports, and Financial Reports, 1958 - 1981; Christine A. Lutz Correspondence, 1978 - 1981; and Subject and Name Files, 1961 - 1985.


History of the Southern Conference Educational Fund

The Southern Conference Educational Fund (SCEF) was established in 1946 as the educational arm of the Southern Conference for Human Welfare (SCHW). SCEF became a completely separate organization the following year and based most of its activities out of its New Orleans, Louisiana, office. James Anderson Dombrowski directed the group and edited its monthly newspaper, the Southern Patriot. Dombrowski and Aubrey Williams became the most visible figures in SCEF during the 1950s, and they helped establish the organization as a leading proponent of integration and civil rights in the South.

Veteran journalists and civil rights activists Anne and Carl Braden directed SCEF from the mid 1960s into the 1970s. They forged close ties with regional and local southern civil rights groups, kept civil rights issues in the national media and strengthened SCEF fundraising activities. SCEF worked closely with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) from the early 1960s on. Anti-communists in Congress and state government frequently attacked SCEF as a communist front. In 1963, police raided the New Orleans offices and arrested several officials for violating Louisiana's anti-communist laws. The United States Supreme Court overturned the laws in 1965, after SCEF challenged the arrests in court.

The Bradens moved SCEF's offices from New Orleans to Louisville, Kentucky, in 1966. The organization continued to work toward the goal of a southern interracial future. In July of 1973, a group of Black Panthers kidnapped, at gunpoint, two SCEF officials, Helen Greever and Earl Scott. The two eventually escaped, but the incident caused deep divisions within SCEF that were evidenced over the following few months. At a SCEF board meeting in Birmingham, Alabama, in October of 1973, board member Walter Collins denounced several Communist Party members, including Greever, arguing that they had placed the policies of the party over the best interests of SCEF. Collins argued that the Communists had caused the disputes with the Panthers. He and other board members voted to oust the Communists over the opposition of the Bradens.

Eventually, SCEF moved to Atlanta, Georgia where internal disputes and financial problems plagued the organization. The Southern Patriot changed its name to the Southern Struggle. Several local chapters, in Florida, West Virginia, and North Carolina, remained particularly active. By 1981, however, financial problems caused the group to consider moving to Dallas, merging with other organizations, or disbanding altogether.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Georgia State University Library online catalog (GIL). Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Lutz, Christine.
Southern Conference Educational Fund--Archives.
African Americans--Education--Southern States.
School integration--Southern States.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.


Administrative Information

Citation

[item], [folder title], [series title], Southern Conference Educational Fund Records, L1991-13, Southern Labor Archives. Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Acquisition Information

Donated by Christine A. Lutz, 1991.


Related Material

Related materials in other repositories:

Anne and Carl Braden Papers. State Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin.
Carl and Anne Braden Papers. Hoskins Library, University of Tennessee, Knoxville.
James Dombrowski Papers. State Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin.
Southern Conference Education Fund Papers (1938 - 1963). Tuskeegee University Archives, Tuskegee, Alabama.
Southern Conference for Human Welfare Papers. Robert W. Woodruff Library, Atlanta, University Center, Atlanta, Georgia.


Separated Material

Separated material: During processing, oversize items and printed material were separated to other Southern Labor Archives collections. See List of Separated Material following Detailed Description of the Collection.


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