A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University
University Georgia State University Special Collections and Archives 100 Decatur St., SE Atlanta, GA 30303-3202 404-413-2880 Fax: 404-413-2881 firstname.lastname@example.org
October 15, 2002
Finding aid encoded by Christine de
Catanzaro and DeAnna L. Janecek, 2002.
Georgia State University Library,
Special Collections and Archives,
United Garment Workers of
United Garment Workers of America
78.39 linear ft.in 287 boxes
The United Garment Workers Union (UGWA)
was established in 1891. UGWA lost membership when a group of dissatisfied
members broke away to form the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America in 1914.
Membership levels were steady until the 1950s, when they began a slow decline.
In 1994, the UGWA became part of the United Food and Commercial Workers Union.
This collection consists of the records of the United Garment Workers of
America from 1893-1994. Its eight series contain time study/ time and motion
research files for the garment industry; contracts, working contracts, and
related correspondence; headquarters office files, label ledgers and minutes of
the General Executive Board’s meetings; local union files, including
financial files, grievances, correspondence, agreements and minutes;
publications; photographs; oversize materials; and index card files.
This collection consists of the records of the United Garment Workers
of America from 1893-1994. The Time and Motion Studies series (Series I) is
made up of time study/ time and motion research files for the garment industry,
as well as files relating to industry research and information from the first
half of the twentieth century. Series II, Contracts, consists of union labor
contracts, working contracts, and related correspondence. Office files relating
to the functioning of the UGWA's central headquarters are found in Series III.
Also included in this series are label ledgers dating mainly from the first
half of the twentieth century, and minutes of the General Executive Board's
meetings, which cover much of the period of the union's activity. Series IV
contains local union files, including financial files, grievances,
correspondence, agreements and minutes. Publications, photographs, an audio
tape, oversize materials, and index card files are found in Series V through
History of the United Garment Workers of America
The United Garment Workers of America (UGWA) was founded in New York
City in 1891 and affiliated themselves with the American Federation of Labor
(AFL). They first used strikes and later promotion of the union label as ways
to win gains in working conditions and wages with their employers. In 1914, a
group of dissatisfied members broke away from the UGWA to form the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers of America (ACWA). After the break, the UGWA's numbers were
much smaller, but they managed to retain membership levels until the 1950s when
they began a slow decline.
In the early days of the union, the UGWA had no full-time officers.
Charles Reichers became the first General President at the Convention in
Baltimore in 1895; he served until 1897. Following Reichers in the office of
General President were B. A. Larger (1897-1904), T. A. Rickert (1904-41),
Joseph P. McCurdy (1941-75), Howard Collins (1975-1977), William O'Donnell
(1977-87), and Earl Carroll (1987-91). David Johnson succeeded Carroll in
In 1994, the UGWA became a part of the United Food and Commercial
Workers (UFCW). A year later, the UFCW also took in the United Textile Workers
of America (UTWA). The UGWA and UTWA combined in 2000 to form the UFCW Textile
and Garment Council.
Union History / Information Notebook, Southern Labor Archives,
Special Collections, Georgia State UniversityWebsite: United Food and Commercial Workers, UFCW Councils,
UFCW Textile and Garment Council.
This collection is indexed under the following headings in the
Georgia State University Library online catalog (GIL). Researchers desiring
materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog
using these headings.
United Garment Workers of
America United Food and Commercial Workers International Union
bargaining--Clothing industry--United States.
Time and motion
Restrictions on Access
Access to certain files restricted; see container list or consult
Southern Labor Archivist.
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any
publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection,
the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical
property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from
this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright
holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must
contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to
limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.
[item], [folder title], [series title], United Garment Workers of
America Records, L1992-17/L1997-08, Southern Labor Archives. Special
Collections and Archives, Georgia State University, Atlanta.
Gift of United Garment Workers of America, courtesy of David Johnson.
The first part of the collection, L1992-17, came to the Southern Labor Archives
in 1992; the second part, L1997-08, arrived in 1997.
Processed by Christine de Catanzaro and DeAnna L. Janecek, 2002.
Finding aid revised by William Hardesty, January 2006.
Separated material: Audio-visual
materials (photographs and an audio tape) and oversize have been separated into
separate series (Series VI and VII).