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International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America records

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International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America records

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International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America [IPPAU]:

A Guide to Its Records at Georgia State University Library

Georgia State University
Georgia State University
Special Collections and Archives
100 Decatur St., SE
Atlanta, GA 30303-3202
404-413-2880
Fax: 404-413-2881
archives@gsu.edu

2004



Profile Description

Creation: EAD finding aid created 2004.
Language: English

Collection Summary

Repository: Georgia State University Library, Special Collections and Archives, Atlanta
Creator: International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America
Title: International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America records
Dates: 1911-1977
Quantity: 98 linear ft. in 273 boxes and 5 Oversize boxes
Abstract:The International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America (IPPAU-NA), was organized in 1889, when disgruntled pressmen and press feeders left the International Typographical Union (ITU) and, with the combined membership of thirteen locals, formed a new pressmen's union. At its peak, with a membership of more than 125,000, the IPPAU-NA became the largest printing trades union in the world. In 1973, it merged with the International Stereotypers', Electrotypers', and Platemakers' Union of North America (ISE&PU) to form the International Printing and Graphic Communications Union (IPGCU). The International Printing Pressmen and Assistant Union (IPPAU) records, 1911-1977, consists of 98 linear feet of legal files associated with counsel for the union, John S. McLellan. These files are organized into three series that follow the law office's filing methods.
Identification: L1995-14
LanguageEnglish.

Organization of the Records

Series I. IPPAU numbered cases and United States Supreme Court case summaries, 1944-1977
Series II. City, state, union files, 1911-1968
Series III. Company name files, 1921-1962

Scope and Content of the Records

The collection, International Printing Pressment and Assistant Union (IPPAU), consists of 98 linear feet of legal files associated with counsel for the union, John S. McLellan. Collection holdings reflect the union's legal activities spanning 60 years (1911-1977) with governmental agencies and companies in the United States and Canada. These files are organized into three series that follow the law office's filing methods.


History of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America

The International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America (IPPAU-NA), was organized in 1889, when disgruntled pressmen and press feeders left the International Typographical Union (ITU) and, with the combined membership of thirteen locals, formed a new pressmen's union. At its peak, with a membership of more than 125,000, the IPPAU-NA became the largest printing trades union in the world.

For sixty-five years the union maintained its headquarters at Pressmen's Home in Hawkins County. The Pressmen's Home Community, located in the mountains of northeastern Tennessee, was a 2,700-acre complex with its own phone system, post office, electrical system, and farm. In addition to its headquarters, the union maintained a retirement home, a sanatorium, and a printing trades school at the site.

The East Tennessee location of the IPPAU-NA headquarters was the dream and accomplishment of George L. Berry, president of the IPPAU-NA from 1907 until his death in 1948. Berry was a dominant and controversial president, and the union's progress and growth were intertwined with Berry's life. The IPPAU-NA moved its headquarters to Pressmen's Home from Cincinnati in 1911 because Berry and the union leadership believed the location (originally a mineral health resort known as Hale Springs) was suitable both as a tuberculosis sanatorium and as a technical trade school for retraining pressmen in the new offset printing methods.

The school eventually became the largest trade school of its kind in the world. While pressmen were also trained on letterpress at the school, its main function was to retrain letterpressmen and educate young printers in the offset craft. The training of thousands of printers at the technical school, along with the correspondence courses the school established, enabled the union to meet the demand for offset printers following World War II.

In 1916 the tuberculosis sanatorium opened and played an important role in combating the disease, the principal cause of death among union members. Besides the physical facilities at Pressmen's Home, the union undertook an extensive campaign to educate the membership about tuberculosis and methods to prevent contamination. By 1961, the year the sanatorium closed, the union facility took credit for saving hundreds of lives through the treatments offered to its members.

In 1966 the union's board of directors decided that the changing times and conditions dictated the removal of the headquarters to a more cosmopolitan location; the following year, the headquarters moved to Washington, D.C. The technical school also closed with the relocation, although the union continued the correspondence courses from its new headquarters.

The IPPAU-NA disappeared from the union registry in 1973, when the union merged with the International Stereotypers', Electrotypers', and Platemakers' Union of North America (ISE&PU) to form the International Printing and Graphic Communications Union (IPGCU). In 1983 the IPGCU merged with the Graphic Arts International Union to become the Graphic Communications International Union (GCIU).

Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Online Encyclopedia, 2002.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the Georgia State University Library online catalog (GIL). Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

McLellan, John S.
International Printing Pressmen and Assistants’ Union of North America--Archives.
Labor disputes--United States.
Labor laws and legislation--United States.
Labor unions--United States.
Printing industry--United States.
Printing industry--Employees

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

To quote in print, or otherwise reproduce in whole or in part in any publication, including on the Worldwide Web, any material from this collection, the researcher must obtain permission from (1) the owner of the physical property and (2) the holder of the copyright. Persons wishing to quote from this collection should consult the reference archivist to determine copyright holders for information in this collection. Reproduction of any item must contain the complete citation to the original. All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.


Administrative Information

Custodial History

These IPPAU records were maintained initially in the office of IPPAU President George L. Berry and later transferred to the Kingsport, Tennessee law office of IPPAU General Council John S. McLennan, Jr. This probably occurred soon after Berry's death in December 1948. John S. McLennan, Jr., a partner in the Kingsport law firm of Minter, McLennan and Tipton, served the IPPAU as General Counsel from at least the late 1940s into the early 1970s. John S. McLellan III, a member of McLellan's law office, donated the records to the Southern Labor Archives in 1995.

Citation

[item], [folder title], [series title], International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America Records, L1995-14, Southern Labor Archives. Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University, Atlanta.

Acquisition Information

Donated by John S. McLellan, III, November 1, 1995.

Processing Information

Processed by Carol Ash, Robert Dinwiddie and Annie Tilden. Revised by Cynthia Karr, 2004; William Hardesty, January 2006.


Related Material

Related materials in other repositories:

IPPAU North America Local 148 records, 1907-1969, Utah Historical Society.
International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America Local 86 records, ca. 1970, Iowa State Historical Society.
International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America Local 225 records, 1931-1964, Iowa State Historical Society.

Related materials in this repository:

George L. Googe papers, 1946-1961 (L1972-80), Southern Labor Archives, consists of personal and union related papers of George L. Googe from 1946-1961. Includes correspondence, printed materials, and newsclippings relating to Googe's service as Southern Regional Director, American Federation of Labor (1928-1949) and Secretary-Treasurer, International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America (1948-1961). Contains information pertaining to Pressmen's union contracts, organizing, wage rates, Atlanta Newspapers, Inc.
Kingsport (Tenn.) Press Strike collection, 1961-1967 (L1980-37), Southern Labor Archives. The collection consists of records from 1961-1967 pertaining to the 1963 strike against Kingsport Press. Materials document the activities of the bookbinders, electrotypers, machinists, printing pressmen and assistants, and typographical unions during the strike. Principal correspondents include strike director Earl Derrick, attorney John S. McLellan, and C.E. Fritschle, Vice President for Industrial Relations for Kingsport Press.
International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America. Printing Specialties and Paper Products Union Local 527 (Atlanta, Ga.) records, 1946-1972 (L1977-22), Southern Labor Archives. The records consist of records of the Printing Specialties and Paper Products Union Local 527 (Atlanta, Ga.) of the International Printing Pressmen and Assistants' Union of North America from 1946-1972.
Atlanta Printing Pressmen and Assistants Union, Local 8 records, 1940-1973 (L1973-36), Southern Labor Archives. Records consist of correspondence and financial documents.
Voices of Labor (oral history project), Southern Labor Archives. Interview with Barron Watkins, 5 July 1995. Watkins talks about working for the Pressman's International in the 1970s.


Separated Material

Separated material: During processing, printed material was separated to other Southern Labor Archives collections. See List of Separated Material following Detailed Description of the Collection.


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